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Gulielmi Pisonis medici Amstelaedamensis De Indiae utriusque re naturali et medica : libri quatuordecim, quorum contenta pagina sequens exhibit.

By: Piso, Willem, 1611-1678Contributor(s): Marggraf, Georg, 1610-1644 | Bondt, Jakob de, 1592-1631Publication details: Amstelaedami : Apud Ludovicum et Danielem Elzevirios, M D C LVIII [1658]. Description: [24], [2], 3-327 [i.e 329], [5], 39, 226, [2] p. : ca. 640 ill. (woodcuts)Other title: De Indiae utriusque re naturali et medica [Distinctive title] | Historia naturalis Brasiliae [Other title]Subject(s): Orta, Garcia de, active 16th century. Colóquios dos simples e drogas e coisas medicinais da India e de algumas frutas | Natural History -- Early works to 1800 | Botanical Illustration -- Early works to 1800 | Tropical Medicine -- Early works to 1800 | Pharmacognosy -- 17th century | Medicinal Plants -- 17th century | Animal-derived Medicines -- 17th century | Mineral-derived Medicines -- 17th century | Natural History -- South America -- 17th century | Natural History -- South America -- Brasil -- 17th century | Natural History -- South America -- Chile -- 17th century | Natural History -- East Indies -- 17th century | Natural History -- India -- 17th century
Contents:
Gulielmi Pisonis. I. De aëribus, aquis, & locis. -- II. De natura & cura morborum, Occidentali Indiæ, imprimis Brasiliæ, familiarium. -- III. De animalibus, aquatilibus, volatilibus, & terrestribus, edulibus. -- IV. De arboribus, fructibus, & herbis medicis, atque alimentariis, nascentibus in Brasilia & regionibus vicinis. -- V. De noxiis & venenatis, eorumque antidotis. Quibus insertæ sunt animalium quorundam vivæ sectiones; tum & aliquot metamorphoses insectorim. -- VI. Mantissa aromatica &c. Posita post Bontii tractatus; Georgii Margravii. I. Tractatus topographicus & meteorologicus Brasiliæ, cum observatione eclipsis solaris. -- II. Commentarius de Brasiliensium & Chilensium indole ac lingua &c.; Iacobi Bontii. I. De conservanda valetudine. -- II. Methodus medendi. -- III. Observationes in cadaveribus. -- IV. Notæ in Garciam ab Orta. -- V. Historia animalium. -- VI. Historia plantarum.
Summary: A pioneering work on tropical medicine, which details the native uses of plants and animals for illnesses and provides the most extensive documentation of Brazilian flora and fauna in the seventeenth century. Willem Piso (1611-1678) served from 1636 to 1644 as a doctor in the Dutch colony in Brazil. As a pioneer of tropical medicine and pharmacology, he studied herbal medicine of the indigenous peoples and supported their health practices. In the jungle, he set out in search of medicinal plants and thus gained the reputation of being the first European to gain an understanding of the indigenous treatment methods with Ipecacuanha, Sassafras, Sarsaparilla, Guaiacum and other plants. He was the first person to separate yaws (a contagious tropical skin disease) from syphilis and introduced the shrub ipecacuanha into Europe which was used as an emetic, diaphoretic and purgative. He presented his findings in the Historia naturalis Brasiliae, which he published in 1648 with his former assistant, the botanist and astronomer Georg Marggraf (1610-1644). This 1658 work is an extensively revised and enlarged second edition of Historia naturalis brasiliae, with a new chapter by Piso on aromatic plants, and further chapters by Jacob Bontius, and approximately 150 additional woodcuts. The woodcuts include depictions of birds, animals, fish, plants, trees and reptiles. The title page shows a Native American on the left and a Malay or Javanese on the right, and, apart from other exotic animals and plants, the background shows a rhinoceros and a dodo.
List(s) this item appears in: Illustrated books
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Holdings
Item type Current library Call number Status Notes Date due Barcode Item holds
Early Printed Book Early Printed Book RPS Library
Hanbury Collection
615.7:918 PIS (Browse shelf(Opens below)) Not for loan Hanbury Bequest 221306
Total holds: 0

Second edition, enlarged, of Historia naturalis Brasiliae, published at Leiden, in 1648.

Engraved title page; Roman numeral date on t.p. contains apostrophi; woodcut tail-pieces and initials.

3 pts in 1 vol.; each pt. has an individual half-title: [pt. 1]: Gulielmi Pisonis ... Historiae naturalis & medicae Indiae Occidentalis libri quinque; [pt. 2]: Georgii Marcgravii ... Tractatus topographicus & meteorologicus Brasiliae, cum eclipsi solari, quibus additi sunt illius & aliorum commentarii de Brasiliensium & Chilensium indole & lingua; [pt. 3]: Iacobi Bontii ... Historiae naturalis & medicae Indiae Orientalis libri sex: I. De conservanda valetudine. II. Methodus medendi. III. Observationes e cadaveribus. IV. Notae in Garcium ab Orta. V. Historia animalium. VI. Historia plantarum ... commentarii, quos auctor, morte in Indiis praeventus, indigestos reliquit, a Gulielmo Pisone, in ordinem redacti & illustrati, atque annotionibus & additionibus rerum & iconum necessariis adaucti.

Pt. 3 has additional half-title on p. [161]: Gulelmi Pisonis Mantissa aromatica, sive De aromatum cardinalibus quatuor, et plantis aliquot Indicis in medicinam receptis, relatio nova.

Each part paginated independently; p. 247-248 repeated in pagination of the first pt.; p. 163 mis-paginated as 361 (script correction) in third part.

Includes indexes.

Signatures: *-2*⁶, A-2D⁶ 2E⁶(-2E6), a-c⁶ d², ²A-T⁶.

Gulielmi Pisonis. I. De aëribus, aquis, & locis. -- II. De natura & cura morborum, Occidentali Indiæ, imprimis Brasiliæ, familiarium. -- III. De animalibus, aquatilibus, volatilibus, & terrestribus, edulibus. -- IV. De arboribus, fructibus, & herbis medicis, atque alimentariis, nascentibus in Brasilia & regionibus vicinis. -- V. De noxiis & venenatis, eorumque antidotis. Quibus insertæ sunt animalium quorundam vivæ sectiones; tum & aliquot metamorphoses insectorim. -- VI. Mantissa aromatica &c. Posita post Bontii tractatus; Georgii Margravii. I. Tractatus topographicus & meteorologicus Brasiliæ, cum observatione eclipsis solaris. -- II. Commentarius de Brasiliensium & Chilensium indole ac lingua &c.; Iacobi Bontii. I. De conservanda valetudine. -- II. Methodus medendi. -- III. Observationes in cadaveribus. -- IV. Notæ in Garciam ab Orta. -- V. Historia animalium. -- VI. Historia plantarum.

Listed in: Knapman. RPS Library Catalogue, 7th ed. (1894). p.454. Piso (Guglielmus [or Willem]). De Indiae utriusque ... 1658.

Hunt botanical cat., 280.

Pritzel 7157.

Sabin 63029.

A pioneering work on tropical medicine, which details the native uses of plants and animals for illnesses and provides the most extensive documentation of Brazilian flora and fauna in the seventeenth century. Willem Piso (1611-1678) served from 1636 to 1644 as a doctor in the Dutch colony in Brazil. As a pioneer of tropical medicine and pharmacology, he studied herbal medicine of the indigenous peoples and supported their health practices. In the jungle, he set out in search of medicinal plants and thus gained the reputation of being the first European to gain an understanding of the indigenous treatment methods with Ipecacuanha, Sassafras, Sarsaparilla, Guaiacum and other plants. He was the first person to separate yaws (a contagious tropical skin disease) from syphilis and introduced the shrub ipecacuanha into Europe which was used as an emetic, diaphoretic and purgative. He presented his findings in the Historia naturalis Brasiliae, which he published in 1648 with his former assistant, the botanist and astronomer Georg Marggraf (1610-1644). This 1658 work is an extensively revised and enlarged second edition of Historia naturalis brasiliae, with a new chapter by Piso on aromatic plants, and further chapters by Jacob Bontius, and approximately 150 additional woodcuts. The woodcuts include depictions of birds, animals, fish, plants, trees and reptiles. The title page shows a Native American on the left and a Malay or Javanese on the right, and, apart from other exotic animals and plants, the background shows a rhinoceros and a dodo.

Presented by Thomas Hanbury, November 1892. Formerly belonging to the late Daniel Hanbury.

Previously owned by a member of the Myddelton family, possibly Starkey Myddelton, male midwife, 1688-1768 and subsequently by John Williams.

Contains Hanbury Presentation Bookplate. Contains Myddleton armorial bookplate. "John Williams jun." inscribed in ink top right of preliminary page facing front paste-down Contains pencil annotations (possibly in Hanbury's hand) against many of the plant names. Ink annotations on verso of preliminary page facing t.p. Contains loose sheet of typescript notes on the representation of the rhinoceros from F. J. Cole's article "The History of Albrecht Dürer's Rhinoceros in Zoological Literature" in Science, medicine and history (Oxford 1953), Vol. 1, p. 349. Previous Accession Number: 12467. Previous location: Basement Store Shelf 47.5.

Contemporary vellum (?) over paste-board, the spine in six compartments with five raised bands. Front board, spine and t.p. almost detached. 2 preliminary pages loose. Lettering on spine: "Gulielmi Pisonis De Indiae utrius. re naturali et medica Libri XIV" and "Amstelaedami 1658".